ADULT Sunday School – 3/24/2024 – The Minor Prophets, Lesson 27 – MICAH, pt. 2 – Matthew Carnagua

ADULT Sunday School – 3/24/2024 – The Minor Prophets, Lesson 27 – MICAH, pt. 2 – Matthew Carnagua

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Majoring on the Minor Prophets – Lesson 27, Book of MICAH, pt. 2 – “Abusing Power”

The Book of Micah is the sixth of the twelve minor prophets in the Hebrew Bible. [1] Ostensibly, it records the sayings of Micah, whose name is Mikayahu ( Hebrew: מִיכָיָ֫הוּ ), meaning “Who is like Yahweh?” The book has three major divisions, chapters 1–2, 3–5 and 6–7, each introduced by the word “Hear,” with a pattern of alternating announcements of doom and expressions of hope within each division. Micah reproaches unjust leaders, defends the rights of the poor against the rich and powerful; while looking forward to a world at peace centered on Zion under the leadership of a new Davidic monarch, The Messiah. The book is divided as follows: I. Oracles of Punishment ( 1:2-3:12) II. Oracles of Salvation ( 4:1-5:14) III. Announcement of Judgment ( 6:1-7:6) IV. Confidence in God’s Future ( 7:7-20). Micah, a prophet during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, would’ve been a contemporary of Hosea and Isaiah. He provides one of the most significant prophecies of Jesus Christ’s birth in all the Old Testament, pointing some seven hundred years before Christ’s birth to His birthplace of Bethlehem and to His eternal nature ( Micah 5:2 ).

Woe to OppressorsMicah 2:1-13 NASB1995

“1 Woe to those who scheme iniquity,

Who work out evil on their beds!

When morning comes, they do it,

For it is in the power of their hands.

2 They covet fields and then seize them,

And houses, and take them away.

They rob a man and his house,

A man and his inheritance.

3 Therefore thus says the Lord,

“Behold, I am planning against this family a calamity

From which you cannot remove your necks;

And you will not walk haughtily,

For it will be an evil time.

4 On that day they will take up against you a taunt

And utter a bitter lamentation and say,

‘We are completely destroyed!

He exchanges the portion of my people;

How He removes it from me!

To the apostate He apportions our fields.’

5 Therefore you will have no one stretching a measuring line

For you by lot in the assembly of the Lord.

6 ‘Do not speak out,’ so they speak out.

But if they do not speak out concerning these things,

Reproaches will not be turned back.

7 Is it being said, O house of Jacob:

‘Is the Spirit of the Lord impatient?

Are these His doings?’

Do not My words do good

To the one walking uprightly?

8 Recently My people have arisen as an enemy—

You strip the robe off the garment

From unsuspecting passers-by,

From those returned from war.

9 The women of My people you evict,

Each one from her pleasant house.

From her children you take My splendor forever.

10 Arise and go,

For this is no place of rest

Because of the uncleanness that brings on destruction,

A painful destruction.

11 If a man walking after wind and falsehood

Had told lies and said,

‘I will speak out to you concerning wine and liquor,’

He would be spokesman to this people.

12 “I will surely assemble all of you, Jacob,

I will surely gather the remnant of Israel.

I will put them together like sheep in the fold;

Like a flock in the midst of its pasture

They will be noisy with men.

13 The breaker goes up before them;

They break out, pass through the gate and go out by it.

So their king goes on before them,

And the Lord at their head.” Micah 2:1-13 NASB1995